I'm a new co-editor on BASI, My name is Peace itimi, and I'm from Nigeria. I'm a College Student and A writer.
*My blog is: http://peaceitimi.blogspot.com.
I checked the Basi Who page and discovered that I'm not just the first Nigerian Contributor but also the First African (What a Privilege I must confess - a Big Thank You to Christine and the BASI Team for having me).
So, I have decided that my post which would be published every 2nd tuesday here would be mostly Based on Social injustice - esp. Child Sexual Abuse and Trafficking - In Africa. Hence, creating more awareness in Africa as well as other continent's.
I really hope you'll enjoy my posts and I look forward to getting Feedback from everyone.
As A Debut, I want to enlighten us on the Definition, exploitation means,and the consequences of Child Abuse and Trafficking.
DEFINITION OF CHILD ABUSE and TRAFFICKING.
· A child - a person under the age of 18;
· Traffic - Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt, whether by force or not, by a third person or group;
· The third person or group organizes the recruitment and/or these other acts for exploitative purposes;
· Movement may not be a constituent element for trafficking in so far as law enforcement and prosecution is concerned. However, an element of movement within a country or across borders is needed - even if minimal - in order to distinguish trafficking from other forms of slavery and slave-like
practices enumerated in Art 3 (a) of ILO Convention 182, and ensure that trafficking victims separated from their families do get needed assistance;
· EXPLOITATION includes:
•all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery,
•debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict [Convention 182, Art. 3(a)];
• the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances [Convention No. 182, Art. 3(b)];
•the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties [Convention No. 182, Art. 3(c)];
•work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children (Convention No. 182, Art. 3(d) and Convention No. 138, Art 3);
•work done by children below the minimum age for admission to employment (Convention No. 138, Art. 2 & 7).
· Threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud or deception, or the abuse of power or a position of vulnerability at any point of the recruitment and movement do not need to be present in case of children (other than with adults),
but are nevertheless strong indications of child trafficking.
CONSEQUENCES OF CHILD ABUSE and TRAFFICKING
The growing exploitation of children around the world today is a horrifying fact. The abuse and trafficking of children, in particular, have severe consequences both at individual and community level, undermining the personal development of the children and also bringing serious problems to the entire communities and state security.
•Physical and sexual abuse;
•Rape and other physical assault;
•Physical, sexual and psychological trauma;
•Risk of death and serious diseases;
•Health risks, such as sexually transmitted diseases,
•pelvic inflammatory diseases, hepatitis, tuberculosis and other communicable diseases;
•Spread of the HIV and AIDS epidemic;
•Unwanted pregnancies, forced abortions and abortion- related complications;
•MENTAL and EMOTIONAL Problems, including nightmares, insomnia and suicidal tendencies;
•Alcohol and drug abuse and addictions; and even suicide and murder;
•Illegal status in country of destination;
Prosecution/deportation for trafficking-related offences;
•Stigmatisation upon return.
•Growing influence of criminal organizations;
•Other criminal activities, including money laundering,
•drug trafficking, weapons trade, etc;
•Corruption among the government offices;
•Increase in irregular migration;
•Problems of national security;
•Declining public confidence.