Wednesday, August 28, 2013

A Dream: Human Trafficking and Racial Ramifications

I have returned from a study abroad! Since the semester has started up again, I hope to post on race, transgender, socioeconomic status, immigration, United States, and Brazil as topics in the coming months.
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Today is the anniversary of the “I Have a Dream” speech. If you have never heard it, I recommend listening to a recording, watching a video, or reading the transcript.

The ramifications of Dr. King’s speech are still felt today. But I am not here to give a historical or political account specifically on “I Have a Dream.” Instead, I am going to share some racial and ethnic statistics on trafficking since racial injustices are a continuing and disturbing reality for many in America. When it comes to human trafficking, the majority of human trafficking is a gender issue emphasized by the disproportionate number of women and girls sexually exploited. However, we cannot ignore or trivialize racial discrimination and how ethnicity and race may play in human trafficking and in the victims’ experiences and treatment.

“We cannot be satisfied” by the saving of only women, of only men, but of all identifying as a multitude of races, genders, ethnicities, creeds, etc.

“We cannot walk alone” when it comes to raising awareness. It requires the effort of all of us to acknowledge the multitude of variables that need to be addressed to assist everyone and prevent people in becoming victims and to ease the aftermath. As Peace states in a previous post, there are individual and community consequences; and also individual and community-wide ways to battle human trafficking.

“I have a dream today” that it is possible.

The third largest illegal industry, trafficked victims are highly concentrated from Asia with a destination of the United States.




Map of Human Trafficking in the World (2011) by Globalization 101

Children soldiers are recruited by this method. As are sex slaves. Immigrants are tricked into slavery to work for travel documents and “safety” from deportation.

Human Trafficking Regarding Race and Ethnicity:
6161 countries identified are affected by human trafficking with 127 as countries of origin, 98 transit countries, and 137 destination countries (the three categories are not mutually exclusive) (2006)
Of confirmed:
o   Sex trafficking victims: 26% were white and 40% were black
o   Labor trafficking victims: 56% were Hispanic and 15% were Asian


Pie Graphs of Trafficking Victims of Race (2012) by Victims of Crimes

About 17,500 each year of foreign nationals are from Mexico and East Asia, as well as from South Asia, Central America, Africa, and Europe

77% victims in alleged human trafficking incidents reported in the U.S. were people of color, but there is much ambiguity such that 747 out of 1,442 reported incidents recorded no racial or ethnic origin

Racism, like sexism, is embedded in human trafficking. We must be explicit in the connections of ALL factors when discussing human trafficking to better our laws on helping victims and punishing the exploiters.

Resources on Human Trafficking and Sources for the Post:
Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech’s video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smEqnnklfYs

Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech’s transcript: http://www.usconstitution.net/dream.html

New York Public Library’s Modern-Day Slavery: Stories about Human Sex Trafficking and Comfort Women: http://www.nypl.org/blog/2013/04/30/modern-day-slavery-human-trafficking-comfort-women

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Child Abuse and Trafficking

Hey,
I'm a new co-editor on BASI, My name is Peace itimi, and I'm from Nigeria. I'm a College Student and A writer.
*My blog is: http://peaceitimi.blogspot.com.
*Facebook: http://facebook.com/jopesi.itimi
*Twitter: http://twitter.com/his_beloved8

•••••••

I checked the Basi Who page and discovered that I'm not just the first Nigerian Contributor but also the First African (What a Privilege I must confess - a Big Thank You to Christine and the BASI Team for having me).

So, I have decided that my post which would be published every 2nd tuesday here would be mostly Based on Social injustice - esp. Child Sexual Abuse and Trafficking - In Africa. Hence, creating more awareness in Africa as well as other continent's.

I really hope you'll enjoy my posts and I look forward to getting Feedback from everyone.

•••••••
As A Debut, I want to enlighten us on the Definition, exploitation means,and the consequences of Child Abuse and Trafficking.

DEFINITION OF CHILD ABUSE and TRAFFICKING.

· A child - a person under the age of 18;

· Traffic - Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt, whether by force or not, by a third person or group;

· The third person or group organizes the recruitment and/or these other acts for exploitative purposes;

· Movement may not be a constituent element for trafficking in so far as law enforcement and prosecution is concerned. However, an element of movement within a country or across borders is needed - even if minimal - in order to distinguish trafficking from other forms of slavery and slave-like
practices enumerated in Art 3 (a) of ILO Convention 182, and ensure that trafficking victims separated from their families do get needed assistance;

· EXPLOITATION includes:
•all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery,
•debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict [Convention 182, Art. 3(a)];
• the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances [Convention No. 182, Art. 3(b)];
•the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties [Convention No. 182, Art. 3(c)];
•work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children (Convention No. 182, Art. 3(d) and Convention No. 138, Art 3);
•work done by children below the minimum age for admission to employment (Convention No. 138, Art. 2 & 7).

· Threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud or deception, or the abuse of power or a position of vulnerability at any point of the recruitment and movement do not need to be present in case of children (other than with adults),
but are nevertheless strong indications of child trafficking.

CONSEQUENCES OF CHILD ABUSE and TRAFFICKING

The growing exploitation of children around the world today is a horrifying fact. The abuse and trafficking of children, in particular, have severe consequences both at individual and community level, undermining the personal development of the children and also bringing serious problems to the entire communities and state security.

INDIVIDUAL Consequences:
•Physical and sexual abuse;
•Rape and other physical assault;
•Physical, sexual and psychological trauma;
•Risk of death and serious diseases;
•Health risks, such as sexually transmitted diseases,
•pelvic inflammatory diseases, hepatitis, tuberculosis and other communicable diseases;
•Spread of the HIV and AIDS epidemic;
•Unwanted pregnancies, forced abortions and abortion- related complications;
•MENTAL and EMOTIONAL Problems, including nightmares, insomnia and suicidal tendencies;
•Alcohol and drug abuse and addictions; and even suicide and murder;
•Illegal status in country of destination;
Prosecution/deportation for trafficking-related offences;
•Difficult reintegration;
•Stigmatisation upon return.

COMMUNITY Consequences:
•Growing influence of criminal organizations;
•Other criminal activities, including money laundering,
•drug trafficking, weapons trade, etc;
•Corruption among the government offices;
•Increase in irregular migration;
•Problems of national security;
•Declining public confidence.

Source:
www.santac.org/index.php/eng/Human-Trafficking

Wednesday, August 21, 2013

Hope Conference 2013, 8/27-58


I found this thought provoking video from the anti-human trafficking organization, Hope for Justice, which is based in Manchester, England.  I really like how they use media to help people understand how sex trafficking occurs.  It is so important to accurately and effectively educate the public on the means to human trafficking.  However, it is important to do research to make sure that media conveys accurate portrayal of situations and stories expressed.  This means that it is important to make sure organizations are displaying correct statistics and information.  I did however, already check up on this video for you, and the story it shares holds true!  While I was on the Hope for Justice website I saw that they have an upcoming conference, and so...


Calling all those in the UK!

If you are in the UK, definitely check out the organization, Hope for Justice.  They are actually having a conference next week Tuesday-Wednesday!  It seems like Hope Conference 2013 is a worship based event where people come together to worship God, pray for an end to human trafficking, and share what activists have learned and accomplished over the past year, as to learn for the future.  Below is a video referencing Hope Conference 2012.  You can find out more about Hope Conference 2013 by clicking the image below.  You can purchase tickets through their Eventbrite website, here.


Never forget the blessing of Freedom!

P.S. If you are in New York, Pennsylvania, or Ontario, Free-Them is hosting their 4th Annual Freedom Walk which the BASI Buffalo team will be attending!!! I AM SO PUMPED! Hope to see you there!  Check out photos from last year's event by clicking here.



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Sunday, August 18, 2013

"Take a Chance on Dance", How about a chance on the casting couch?

Hey everyone! It's your co-editor Safra here!
Enjoy the article and don't be afraid to give a little feedback.

Dance Pe Chance - Rab ne Bana De Jodi

"Dance pe chance marle...". "Take a chance on dance...", or how about a chance to dance on the casting couch?

Bollywood, a portmanteau of "Bombay" and America's "Hollywood" to describe the film industry housed in Mumbai. Bollywood is very much characterized by its catchy music, showy dance numbers, overdramatic takes, and complex plots (usually involving romance); a completely different description from that of Hollywood. If you don't believe me see for yourself --> check out the video above.



So the word "Bollywood" is derived from "Hollywood", but that's not the only thing in the Hindi film industry that is derived from American culture. Actually, what you probably may not be aware of is that the use of the casting couch -the specific couch found in producer/director offices that makes the exchange of sexual favors for roles in any production convenient- is prolific in Hollywood. Unfortunately, it has recently become an issue in the film industry in India as well as other movie production centers that are housed there i.e. the Telugu film industry.

Yes, my dearies sexual exploitation isn't something for just the common folk, but fortunately for us there is enough proof to supply you with the who, what, when, where, and why.

Also don't think for a second the casting couch only happens to females. A lot of aspiring actors are subject to the vulnerability of wanting to perform and it is easy to be taken advantage of in such a state. Bollywood actor and former model, Aashish Chaudhary (to your left), has experienced it from both sides. As stated on Mediaticks, Chaudhary has been offered many of these indecent proposals and all the while has had wannabe actresses try to hand themselves over on a silver platter. Wouldn't that be considered prostitution? The latter case would be and if Aashish had taken the newcomer's offers it would be sexual exploitation on his part. But when Aashish is given such propositions it is and only sexual exploitation. Prostitution by definition is "when someone willingly uses his or her talent/ability in a base or unworthy way, usually for money". (Definition courtesy of Dictionary.com) As explained in my first article sexual exploitation is when someone in a position of power abuses someone else in a more vulnerable state. Exploitative activity is broadly categorized. Sexual favors can be given in what is a seemingly 'consensual' way in return for a job, money in states of a financial crisis, attention, gifts, and can even follow through to organized crime. For follow up on this visit Barnardo's Children. This information also applies to adults.

For fame, money, or the ability to perform people will do anything. That slight moment of insecurity or realizing your dreams may not come true is haunting. Let's face it being a student in college and not knowing if you will ever find a job is scary. In a way they are all too similar. And it's that state of mind that producers/directors can use as leverage. However, Aashish knew patience was a virtue and stuck to his scruples. He has made it big after starring in Bollywood movies like "Girl Friend", "Dhaamal", and "Shaadi Ka Ladoo".

For a real exposé and details about the life surrounding the struggle for stardom feel free to read Casting Couch Confidential by Bessie Bardot and Geoff Barker. And while their story only pertains to the world of modeling and advertisement it would be good to keep in mind that the casting couch is found in the head offices of many industries. The exchange of sexual favors for a job may occur for even the simplest of positions. In times of desperation people do what they have to do in order to survive. It's the sad reality of social darwinism.





*Something to think about*
During the 2007-2009 financial crisis how many people were laid off or lost their jobs completely? Now how many people were at a breaking point?








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Sunday, August 11, 2013

Human Trafficking: Child Slavery in the U.S.

Hello! I'm Kateri, a new blogger on this page! I'm a fashion design student, and designer. my personal blog is justFashionating.blogspot.com  , and my Facebook page is www.facebook.com/kateridesigns
I will be posting every 2nd and 4th saturday/sunday of the month. This is my first post.

One of the most critical issues of human trafficking is  internal awareness. The majority of people who are well informed of social issues, are aware of human trafficking. Though many don't know that this is a huge crisis here in the U.S.

This is very true concerning child slavery. As I researched this topic,  I was shocked at how many children every year are forced into this terrible industry. I was  also shocked about how much money the human trafficking industry gains every year.

I learned a lot during my research of human/child slavery. And i HOPE that you read these articles, and find other articles on how to prevent, and fight against this.


 I have made a short video about this, and will link you to the story that I got the information from.
go to view it on YouTube so you can watch it and read.




Article used in video
http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2013/07/29/fbi-rescues-105-children-from-horrific-sex-trafficking-operations-in-76-u-s-cities/

as well as this article:

http://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/washington-whispers/2013/07/08/study-at-least-100000-children-being-used-in-us-sex-trade

What I want for this blog entry, is for you followers and bloggers to watch this, and SHARE  THIS VIDEO with anyone and everyone. It's really all about the awareness. The more people who are aware of this injustice, the more people willing to take action and fight . There is plenty of information out there, but WE as people who are knowledgable on this injustice, must spread the word, and encourage others to research and fight this.

Sunday, August 4, 2013

Politicians and Sexual Exploitation


Hi everyone! I'm Safra, the new co-editor! I hope you like my articles.
Sexual exploitation refers to the illegal activity of people in commanding or powerful positions that use their abilities to abuse those with seemingly lower statuses, and Mayor Bob Filner is certainly no stranger to that. As of mid-July this year, Bob Filner, current mayor of San Diego, was put under heavy scrutiny after sexual harassment allegations were made against him. It was said that among the voters to remove him from office was his 2005 deputy campaign manager, who explained that Filner at one point “patted her buttocks." She was one of more than seven women who spoke out about his advances towards them. Among the others who reported about their encounters were a Navy Rear Admiral, a Dean at San Diego State University, and his former communications director. Filner's former communications director has filed a lawsuit claiming he has made several inappropriate remarks. Those of which include asking her to work without underwear, asking for kisses, and expressing his desire to see her naked. Sadly, Filner refuses to renounce his title as mayor, and as compensation, he has decided to check into therapy. A synopsis of the current situation can be found using this link Filner Allegations and for his full Allegation Response.
Now, it is easy for anyone to feel unnerved about entrusting someone who easily shows disrespect towards women in an office setting. But let’s get one thing clear; Filner has been exceptionally successful in life. He has a prestigious background as a Cornell Alumnus, a former Freedom Rider, and a US Representative for California’s 50th and 51st Congressional Districts. After a 10-year term in the government fighting as a representative for the state of California, how is it that anyone should know of his inappropriate behavior? That is the point. We never know someone’s intentions or motives. Anyone could be guilty of sexual harassment even if they come from the best of places or have done the most noble of things.

This applies to both men and women: Tip #1) This doesn’t mean to be distrustful of others, but it is important that one should always be cautious of another’s behavior.
Tip #2) If someone has ever addressed you in an inappropriate manner do not wait like these women to speak up. Each decided to speak up only after others did.

Sexual harassment and the damage it can cause is not only physical. Its effects run much deeper and as a result can lead a lack of self-confidence, the loss of faith in the people or system around them, and overall discomfort. Other effects include Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Insomnia, Sleep Terror Disorder, and more which can be found at the Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network Website.

However, how do we know what is considered sexual harassment? There are many types. If you would like to know about them visit RAINN Types of Sexual Violence, which provides definitions and methods to response. Bob Filner's case can be classified under "sexual exploitation by helping professionals" of course within variation of the actual criteria. This sort of sexual harassment renders the professional's clients -which in this case can refer to the women he was working with in government or on community affairs as the victims-feeling helpless in a what is a very unusual situation. Sexual exploitation by a helping professional has a very low report rate because clients fear they will not be believed or have not recognized the harm that they were in. Also in circumstances where the professional is in the public eye the media surrounding the allegations can place the victim in an even more stressful environment. According to RAINN, such behavior of any helping professional including Mayor Filner is unacceptable because:

1)He or she is in a position of power in which they are expected to honor professional boundaries.
2)He or she has a responsibility towards the client.
3)The betrayal of trust the client has towards the patient can have devastating consequences.
Have confidence that there will be people around to help you in situations where someone is coercing you into an uncomfortable spot. If you or anyone you needs help don't be afraid to call these hotlines which will track your current location and redirect you to the nearest call center.
National Sexual Assault Hotline: (800)656-HOPE
Safe Horizon's Rape, Sexual Assault, and Incest Hotline: (212)227-3000

Remember you are not anyone's toy so don't let them make you feel that way.





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